Fishing in Poland

Fishing Eldorado

Lubniewice is a small lakeside town in the far west of the country. It is known as Poland’s fishing Eldorado!

Fishing in Poland

Poland is a splendid country for anyone with an interest in fishing.

Some of the many fish of interest to anglers to be found in abundance throughout Poland include: carp, tench, perch, bream, grayling, trout, salmon, eels, pikeperch (zander), pike, and catfish. Fish of large sizes are often caught and returned to the water. These include pike weighing over 24 kg, and carp up to 28 kg.

catfish poland

The lakes and deep water rivers of Poland are home to some truly huge catfish – the largest of these fish eating frogs, mice, rats, ducks, and even according to some reports small dogs! Catfish of over 3 metres in length with a weight of over 330 kg have been caught in Polish waters in the recent past.

fishing poland

Fishing or angling is a popular activity with Poles of all ages.

The rivers and lakes which are the probably of most interest to fisherman are to be found in the north and north-west of Poland. Popular well-stocked rivers include the River Warta and River Obra and several lakes in and around the towns of Lubniewice and Lagow.

Please note: Anyone who is over the age of 14 and fishing in Poland must be in possession of a fishing rod licence and a separate permit issued by the water authority for the area to be fished. The Polish Angling Union can provide further information on fishing in Poland to anyone with an interest.

Gypsies in Poland

Roma in Poland

Gypsies poland

An old photograph taken in 1915 depicting Gypsies (Romani) in a Polish village in former Prussian Poland.

A scan of an image from our picture archive of all things Polish and Poland related – Gypsy women and children photographed with German soldiers in a village near Lodz during the First World War.

poles roma poland

Some random facts and observations on Polish Gypsies:

- The Gypsies that live in central and eastern Europe originate in northwestern India and first arrived in Poland in the mid 15th century.
- During the Second World War, the Nazis moved many Gypsies into ghettos, including Warsaw ghetto, and sent others into forced labour, imprisonment and extermination in concentration camps. German SS also murdered Polish Roma in mass executions in forests and secluded places. Estimates put the number of Polish Roma killed during the war at somewhere between 11,000 and 30,000.
- Most Polish Gypsies are Roman Catholics with a minority following the Muslim religion.
- The vast majority of Polish Roma are bilingual – speaking Polish and a dialect of the Romani language, which is an Indo-Aryan language, with roots in Sanskrit. Many Polish gypsies often mix the two languages in a single sentence when communicating with each other.
- Gypsy cultural events and music festivals take place throughout Poland each year.
- The most famous Polish Gypsy is probably the poet and singer Bronisława Wajs (Papusza). A movie called Papusza was made about her life in 2013.
- The vast majority of Polish Roma are no longer nomadic. Most live in south-east Poland, perhaps most notably in and around the city of Nowy Sącz.
- Recent estimates put the Gypsy or Roma population of Poland at between 40,000 and 50,000. However, due to assimilation over time, a larger number of Poles probably have some Roma ancestry somewhere in their past but do not now identify themselves as such.
- Many Polish Gypsies live quite separately from ethnic Poles. They have their own communities and spend much of their time in the company of other Roma.

polish gypsies

A screenshot of a recent television news broadcast reporting on problems between Roma and Poles in Poland.

Gorzów in the 1980s

Gorzów Wielkopolski

Three old pictures of the western city of Gorzów Wielkopolski in the communist 1980s.

gorzow wielkpolski

The central Chrobrego and Sikorskiego area of Gorzów Wielkopolski, c.1982. Largely traffic-free compared to today!

Prior to the end of the Second World War, the city was called Landsberg an der Warthe; then after becoming part of Poland in 1945 renamed Kobylagóra; changed to Gorzów nad Wartą shortly afterwards; and then once again changed to the present-day name of Gorzów Wielkopolski in November 1946.

gorzów wlkp

Late communist-era apartment blocks in the ‘Sloneczna’ part of Gorzów Wlkp., c.1982.

According to its most recent census the city of Gorzów had a population of just over 124,000. This places Gorzów Wlkp as the 27th largest city in Poland.

ziemia gorzowska

Four picture postcard images of Ziemia Gorzowska (Gorzow Land), c.1989. Gorzów, Lubniewice, Skwierzyna, Miedzyrzecz.

Random things you may not know about Gorzów:

- During the communist-era Gorzów was home to three major industrial plants – an Ursus tractor factory, the Silwana textile factory, and ZWCH Stilton producing polyamide fibres. The first two companies have closed in recent years and the latter is greatly reduced in size.
- Gorzow Wielkopolski is like Rome in that it is situated on seven hills!
- Gorzów has its own speedway stadium and team ‘KS Stal’ in the Polish ‘Extraliga’.
- There are five railway stations within the city – Gorzow, Karnin, Wieprzyce, Zamoście, and Zieleniec.

Related content on Polish Poland:

1960s Gorzow
1970s Gorzow
Present-day Gorzów


Jaws was Polish

Fascinating fact about Poland # 34


A film poster advertising the 1977 James Bond movie The Spy Who Loved Me, which featured the character Jaws.

In Ian Fleming’s James Bond novel THE SPY WHO LOVED ME the ‘real’ name of the character JAWS is Zbigniew Krycsiwiki. He was born in Poland, the product of a union between the strong man of a travelling circus and the Chief Wardress at the Women’s Prison in Krakow!

River Notec

Noteć  netze

The River Noteć (Netze) in Drezdenko (Driesen), c.1914.

The River Noteć

The Noteć (Netze) is a river in north-west-central Poland. It has a length of 388 km and is the seventh longest river in Poland. The final section of the Notec before it joins the Warta is often paddled by canoeists and kayakers and the whole river popular with anglers.

Notec river

Boats in the river port area of Nakło nad Notecią (Nakel an der Netze), c.1920.

The Notec river flows from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, through the provinces of Wielkopolskie (Greater Poland) and Lubuskie (Lebus), to Santok near Gorzów Wielkopolski where it joins the River Warta.

Some of the towns and villages the Notec passes through include: Inowrocław, Nakło nad Notecią, Czarnków, Wieleń, Krzyż Wielkopolski, Drezdenko, and Santok.

Nearby Polish rivers:

- The River Warta
- The River Obra
- The River Odra

River Notec

The river port on the Notec in Krzyz Wielkopolski, c.1939.

Higher Education in Poland

Warsaw university

An old picture postcard showing one of the buildings of Warsaw University. This was mailed in 1921 to Berlin.

Higher Education in Poland

As in most European countries there are three main levels of higher education in Poland. The first level leads to a Bachelor (licencjat or inżynier) degree. The second level to a master (magister) degree. After this people can then go on to study for a PhD (doctorate) degree.

Most students in Poland follow the Bologna scheme by studying for a three year bachelor degree, which can then be followed by a further two years of study to gain a master degree. Some universities also offer master degrees, which are granted after a longer programme of study, lasting between five and six years.

There are approximately 500 universities and collegiate-level institutions of higher education in Poland. This figure is made up of 131 government-funded and 326 privately owned universities, with almost 2 million students studying at them at any one time.

polish university

The university in Poznan in the 1930s. Poznan generally ranks in the top three of Polish universities.

The top universities in Poland by most accounts are (in alphabetical order):

- Adam Mickiewicz University (Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, UAM) in Poznan.
- AGH University of Science and Technology (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza) in Krakow.
- Jagiellonian University (Uniwersytet Jagielloński) in Krakow.
- University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski) in Warsaw.
- Warsaw University of Technology (Politechnika Warszawska) in Warsaw.

university poland

The Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland. Founded in 1364 by Casimir III the Great.

Related content on Polish Poland: Education in Poland.

Mushroom Soup

mushroom soup

Polish Mushroom Soup

This is our own recipe for mushroom soup. This delicious recipe originates from the Poznan region of western Poland. Although in this particular recipe we are using white field mushrooms the equally tasty wild mushrooms commonly found in Polish forests could also be used.

Mushroom Soup Directions

Heat some oil in a pan and cook the onion for a minute or two. Add the mushrooms and cook for a further minute. Stir in the stock and parsley. Bring to the boil and simmer for five minutes. Stir in the breadcrumbs and seasoning and cook for two more minutes. Remove from the heat and stir in the soured cream. Reheat over a low heat but do not allow to boil.

Mushroom Soup Ingredients

3 tablespoons of vegetable oil.
1 large chopped onion
250 grams chopped white field mushrooms
1 litre vegetable stock
50 ml of chopped parsley
150 grams fresh breadcrumbs
40 ml soured cream

If you were feeling adventurous you could also add the grated rind of a lemon to give the soup an extra flavour twist!

Agnieszka Radwańska

News: Agnieszka Radwańska has won her first round match at the Wimbledon Tennis Championships.

The Polish tennis player Agnieszka Radwańska has just beaten the Czech tennis player Lucie Hradecka in straight sets (6-2, 6-3) in the first round of Wimbledon 2015. We wish her the best of luck in the rest of the competition!

agnieszka radwanska

Agnieszka Radwanska playing at the Wimbledon tennis championship. Image is a screen shot from a television broadcast.

Agnieszka Radwańska was born in Krakow, Poland, on the 6th March 1989 and grew up in Ahaus, Germany. She is a Polish professional tennis player. In her career to date she has won fourteen career singles titles and has won more than $18 million in prize money. She is currently ranked at number 13 by the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).

More about Agnieszka Radwańska on the official Wimbledon Tennis website.

Jerzy Duda-Gracz

Jerzy Duda-Gracz

A self-portrait with Family, by Jerzy Duda-Gracz, c.1979

Jerzy Duda-Gracz

A selection of artwork by the Polish artist Jerzy Duda-Gracz .

Jerzy Duda Gracz

Jerzy Duda-Gracz was a Polish painter and professor of painting and drawing at the Academy of Fine Arts in Katowice. He was known as an insightful satirist in the tradition of surrealism and expressionism. Many of his paintings arouse strong emotions as his work covers themes such as stupidity, intolerance, hypocrisy, arrogance, laziness, and the blind fascination with money and American culture.

He died in Lagow, Lubuskie, in 2004.

His paintings can be seen at museums and galleries in Czestochowa, Gdańsk, Krakow, Lodz, Poznań, Toruń, and Warsaw in Poland; and outside Poland in Florence, the Vatican, Moscow, Ghent, Vienna, and Oldenburg. His art can also be found on display on the walls of many private homes (including ours!) throughout the world.

Related page on Polish Poland: a list of great Polish artists (painters).

Jerzy Duda Gracz

Two paintings of the Lubuskie region where the Polish artist Jerzy Duda-Gracz lived in the latter part of his adult life.