River Notec

Noteć  netze

The River Noteć (Netze) in Drezdenko (Driesen), c.1914.

The River Noteć

The Noteć (Netze) is a river in north-west-central Poland. It has a length of 388 km and is the seventh longest river in Poland. The final section of the Notec before it joins the Warta is often paddled by canoeists and kayakers and the whole river popular with anglers.

Notec river

Boats in the river port area of Nakło nad Notecią (Nakel an der Netze), c.1920.

The Notec river flows from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, through the provinces of Wielkopolskie (Greater Poland) and Lubuskie (Lebus), to Santok near Gorzów Wielkopolski where it joins the River Warta.

Some of the towns and villages the Notec passes through include: Inowrocław, Nakło nad Notecią, Czarnków, Wieleń, Krzyż Wielkopolski, Drezdenko, and Santok.

Nearby Polish rivers:

- The River Warta
- The River Obra
- The River Odra

River Notec

The river port on the Notec in Krzyz Wielkopolski, c.1939.

Higher Education in Poland

Warsaw university

An old picture postcard showing one of the buildings of Warsaw University. This was mailed in 1921 to Berlin.

Higher Education in Poland

As in most European countries there are three main levels of higher education in Poland. The first level leads to a Bachelor (licencjat or inżynier) degree. The second level to a master (magister) degree. After this people can then go on to study for a PhD (doctorate) degree.

Most students in Poland follow the Bologna scheme by studying for a three year bachelor degree, which can then be followed by a further two years of study to gain a master degree. Some universities also offer master degrees, which are granted after a longer programme of study, lasting between five and six years.

There are approximately 500 universities and collegiate-level institutions of higher education in Poland. This figure is made up of 131 government-funded and 326 privately owned universities, with almost 2 million students studying at them at any one time.

polish university

The university in Poznan in the 1930s. Poznan generally ranks in the top three of Polish universities.

The top universities in Poland by most accounts are (in alphabetical order):

- Adam Mickiewicz University (Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, UAM) in Poznan.
- AGH University of Science and Technology (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza) in Krakow.
- Jagiellonian University (Uniwersytet Jagielloński) in Krakow.
- University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski) in Warsaw.
- Warsaw University of Technology (Politechnika Warszawska) in Warsaw.

university poland

The Jagiellonian University in Krakow, Poland. Founded in 1364 by Casimir III the Great.

Related content on Polish Poland: Education in Poland.

Mushroom Soup

mushroom soup

Polish Mushroom Soup

This is our own recipe for mushroom soup. This delicious recipe originates from the Poznan region of western Poland. Although in this particular recipe we are using white field mushrooms the equally tasty wild mushrooms commonly found in Polish forests could also be used.

Mushroom Soup Directions

Heat some oil in a pan and cook the onion for a minute or two. Add the mushrooms and cook for a further minute. Stir in the stock and parsley. Bring to the boil and simmer for five minutes. Stir in the breadcrumbs and seasoning and cook for two more minutes. Remove from the heat and stir in the soured cream. Reheat over a low heat but do not allow to boil.

Mushroom Soup Ingredients

3 tablespoons of vegetable oil.
1 large chopped onion
250 grams chopped white field mushrooms
1 litre vegetable stock
50 ml of chopped parsley
150 grams fresh breadcrumbs
40 ml soured cream

If you were feeling adventurous you could also add the grated rind of a lemon to give the soup an extra flavour twist!

Agnieszka Radwańska

News: Agnieszka Radwańska has won her first round match at the Wimbledon Tennis Championships.

The Polish tennis player Agnieszka Radwańska has just beaten the Czech tennis player Lucie Hradecka in straight sets (6-2, 6-3) in the first round of Wimbledon 2015. We wish her the best of luck in the rest of the competition!

agnieszka radwanska

Agnieszka Radwanska playing at the Wimbledon tennis championship. Image is a screen shot from a television broadcast.

Agnieszka Radwańska was born in Krakow on the 6th March 1989 and is a Polish professional tennis player. She has won fourteen career singles titles and has won more than $18 million in prize money in her career to date.

More about Agnieszka Radwańska on the official Wimbledon Tennis website.

Jerzy Duda-Gracz

Jerzy Duda-Gracz

A self-portrait with Family, by Jerzy Duda-Gracz, c.1979

Jerzy Duda-Gracz

A selection of artwork by the Polish artist Jerzy Duda-Gracz .

Jerzy Duda Gracz

Jerzy Duda-Gracz was a Polish painter and professor of painting and drawing at the Academy of Fine Arts in Katowice. He was known as an insightful satirist in the tradition of surrealism and expressionism. Many of his paintings arouse strong emotions as his work covers themes such as stupidity, intolerance, hypocrisy, arrogance, laziness, and the blind fascination with money and American culture.

He died in Lagow, Lubuskie, in 2004.

His paintings can be seen at museums and galleries in Czestochowa, Gdańsk, Krakow, Lodz, Poznań, Toruń, and Warsaw in Poland; and outside Poland in Florence, the Vatican, Moscow, Ghent, Vienna, and Oldenburg. His art can also be found on display on the walls of many private homes (including ours!) throughout the world.

Related page on Polish Poland: a list of great Polish artists (painters).

Jerzy Duda Gracz

Two paintings of the Lubuskie region where the Polish artist Jerzy Duda-Gracz lived in the latter part of his adult life.

Gryfice Narrow Gauge Railway

gryfice railway

The Gryfice Narrow Gauge Railway (Nadmorska Kolej Wąskotorowa / Seaside Narrow Gauge Railway) is a 40 kilometre long narrow gauge railway which runs between Gryfice and along the Baltic Sea coast to Rewal, Niechorze and Pogorzelica in western Pomerania.

Gryfice narrow gauge railroad

More about the Narrow Gauge Railways of Poland.

gryfice narrow gauge railway

Trains run daily between the beginning of May until the end of September.

Offsite link to timetable and full details of the rather splendid Nadmorska Kolej Wąskotorowa.

Władysław Gomułka

Władysław Gomułka


Władysław Gomułka on the cover of Time magazine in December 1956.

Władysław Gomułka was born on the 6th February 1905 in Krosno and from humble origins became a leading Polish communist politician. Gomulka was minister of the ‘Recovered Territories’ (the lands acquired from Germany at the end of World War Two) from 1945 until 1948, and de facto leader of Poland from 1956 until his retirement from political life in 1970.

Gomułka is perhaps best known for his central role in the negotiating of the Oder-Neisse border treaty between Poland and West Germany, which was signed in 1970; and his part in the death of several dozen workers who were shot during demonstrations just prior to his resignation. He was replaced by Edward Gierek who took over the Party leadership. Gomulka died in September 1982 of lung cancer.

Paprykarz Szczeciński / Polish Fish Paste

Paprykarz szczeciński / Polish Fish Paste

Paprykarz szczecinski fish spread

A mid afternoon snack – Paprykarz szczecinski / Szczecin Fish Spread on dark rye bread.

Paprykarz szczeciński is a Polish paste and is a tasty mixture of minced sea fish (usually around 40%) with rice, onion, tomato concentrate, vegetable oil, salt, sugar, vinegar, and a variety of spices. It was probably most popular during the Communist-period but is still consumed in large quantities by Poles throughout the world to this day. The word szczeciński derives from the name of the city of Szczecin, in Western Pomerania, where it was initially produced in the late 1950s.

Henkenhagen / Ustronie Morskie

Henkenhagen / Ustronie Morskie

ustronie morski

An old multiview picture postcard of Ostseebad Henkenhagen / Ustronie Morskie, Pommern, c.1930.

Continuing in our long-running series of images of Old Poland here we publish three pre-war images of the village of Ustronie Morskie (former Henkenhagen), near Kołobrzeg, in Western Pomerania (Pommern / zachodniopomorskie).

Ustronie Morskie

The railway station in Ustronie Morskie (Ostseebad Henkenhagen), c.1939.

Three interesting facts about Ustronie Morskie:

- the name Ustronie Morskie translates as ‘quiet little place by the sea’.
- the oldest oak-tree in Poland, known as ‘Boleslaw’, can be found just outside the village.
- Ustronie Morskie has a population of around 1,800.

Ustronie Morskie Henkenhagen Westpommern

A postcard of the beach and sea in Henkenhagen / Ustronie Morski, Westpommern. This one posted to Stettin / Szczecin in 1933.

Poland has a new President


polish flag

According to the National Electoral Commission, Andrzej Duda, a 43-year-old former lawyer, backed by the right-wing Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość / PiS) party, has won the election to become President of Poland. Duda received 51.55% of the vote in yesterday’s presidential election with the incumbent Bronislaw Komorowski, allied to the ruling centrist Civic Platform (PO), receiving 48.45% of votes cast. Turnout for this second round of elections between Duda and Komorowski was 55.34%.