Lutycy were a Western Slavic people, who banded together from at least the 8th century, in the area between the Baltic Sea to the north, the Lower Oder River to the east, the River Elbe to the west, and Lusatia in the south. Of the many Lutycy tribes, the Ratarowie and Stodoranie (Hawolanie) were the largest and most powerful. The Lutycy and the Obodrites formed part of the confederation known as the Polabs or Polabian Slavs.
The Lutycy successfully opposed both the expansion of German tribes (especially the great uprising of 983) and Poland’s first Piasts. However, by the second half of the eleventh century they had fallen victim to the expansion of its neighbours and disappeared as a separate distinct group or tribe.
Here are three works of art by the Polish artist Feliks Michal Wygrzywalski.
Feliks Michał Wygrzywalski was born in Przemysl in 1875 and spent much of his working life in Lwow. He died in Rzeszów in 1944.
He is probably best known for his paintings of oriental and coastal scenes. His son, Felix Kazimierz Wygrzywalski was also an artist who painted in a similar style.
More about Polish artists.
An old picture postcard showing people gathered outside the village stores in Dopiewo, Wielkopolskie, c.1918.
Dopiewo (former: Wanenfeld) is a small town with a population of around 2,900 in the Wielkopolskie province of west central Poland.
The wooden tower-type windmill in Dopiewo (Wanenfeld), Wielkopolskie, as it looked sometime in the early 1940s.
Some random facts you may not know about Dopiewo:
- The first church was built in Dopiewo in 1366. It is named The Church of the Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
- Between 1939 and 1945 Dopiewo became part of the Landkreis Posen, Reichsgau Wartheland. It was renamed Wanenfeld in 1942 and remained that way until it was liberated by the Soviet Red Army in January 1945.
-Dopiewo is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 miles) west of the regional capital Poznań.
- The postcode for Dopiewo is 62-070.
An aerial photograph of Dopiewo with the street names and railway line marked.
An old photograph of the railway station in Rzeszow, Poland, c.1910.
Rzeszów is a city in and capital of the Podkarpackie Province of south-east Poland.
An old picture postcard image of Nowy Rynek and plac Wolności in Rzeszów, Poland, c.1911.
Some things you may not know about Rzeszow:
- In 1939 around one third of the inhabitants of Rzeszow were Jewish.
- Most of the Jews of Rzeszow were placed in a ghetto by the Germans and later taken to the death camp in Belzec or shot in the forests north of Rzeszow. The numbers of Rzeszow Jews killed by the Germans in this way is believed to be in excess of 12,000.
- In 1941 the Germans renamed the city Reichshof.
The monument to Tadeusz Kościuszki in the Rynek (Market) area of Rzeszow in the 1920s.
Other random trivia connected with Rzeszów:
- Rzeszow was liberated from Nazi occupation in early August 1944.
- The River Wisłok, a tributary of the River San flows through the city.
- The current official population of Rzeszów is 188,000.
A photograph of the railway station in Rzeszów in early 1940. Note the large numbers of German soldiers.
See some archive images of 1970s Rzeszów.
Lubno is a village in the adminstrative district of Lubiszyn on the county of Gorzów in the province of Lubuskie in western Poland. Prior to the end of World War Two in mid 1945, Lubno, was called Liebenow and part of Brandenburg, Germany.
Selected trivia concerning Lubno:
- The church dates back to the 13th century and is late Romanesque in style. It is dedicated to St. Joseph (św. Józefa).
- 717 people lived in Lubno (Liebenow) in 1933.
- The German writer Gerdt von Bassewitz spent several summers in Lubno (Liebenow) as a child.
- The medieval wooden church furnishings were used as fuel for a fire by Soviet soldiers to keep warm on the night of 31.01 / 1.02.1945.
Further information on Lubno:
- The neo-gothic manor house, which was built between 1865 and 1875 survived the war, but was stripped and largely demolished in the 1960s. It is now very much a ruin.
- Lubno was awarded the title ‘most beautiful Lubuskie village’ in 2013.
- Lubno has its own pre-school and primary school.
- The latest official records show that 797 people live in Lubno.
Related content on Polish Poland:
- Old archive images and information on the manor house (schloss) in Lubno / Liebenow.
Four photographic images on a postcard of Hajduki Nyskie (Heidau), c.1939.
Today we present two old pre-war picture postcards and a photograph from our archive of the village of Hajduki Nyskie (former: Heidau). Hajduki Nyskie is located in Nysa county in the province of Opole in the south-west of Poland.
A photograph of the Church of St. George in Hajduki Nyskie (Heidau Neisse) in early 1939.
The population of Hajduki Nyskie currently numbers around 700.
Four more picture postcard views of Hajduki Nyskie (Heidau Neisse), c.1939.
Hajduki Nyskie is located approximately 5 kilometres (3 miles) south-east of the town of Nysa.
Two dog warning signs displayed outside a detached house in western Poland. No dog actually lives at the property.
Wherever you wander in Poland you will come across ‘beware of the dog / dog warning’ signs. Generally they are attached to the fence or gate. Sometimes a dog lives in the house. Sometimes not. And often there is a dog but it is quite different to the dog pictured on the sign. Take my neighbor: he has an aged Dachshund but the sign outside his house depicts a fierce looking Rottweiler. Here are a couple examples of typical dog warning signs we snapped earlier this morning.
A beware of the dog sign proclaiming ‘I have two dogs. One dog is good. One dog is bad.’
Another beware of the dog sign outside a nearby house. Probably a good deterrent?
Children and swans on the Postomia (Postum) river in Sulecin (Zielenzig), c.1905.
The Postomia (Postum) is a river of around 70 kms in length in the western province of Lubuskie in Poland. The river begins in Lake Postomsko (Bürger See) and continues through places like Wedrzyn, Ostrow, Sulecin, Krzeszyce, Lemierzyce, and the Warta Mouth National Park near Slonsk.
The river Postomia (Postum) in Krzeszyce (Kriescht Neumark), c.1933.
During the Spring and Summer months kayaks and the occasional canoe can be seen on the River Postomia. The most commonly paddled and probably easiest section being between Lemierzyce and Slonsk. This route of approximately 12 kms takes around four hours depending on the number of obstacles encountered on the way. These obstacles are fallen trees brought down by the many beavers to be found in this part of the country. As well as mammals such as beavers and wild boar, bird-watchers will delight in the storks, herons, cormorants, and kingfishers that can frequently be seen ‘fishing’ along pretty much the entire route of the River Postomia to the River Warta.
Other rivers in the area include the River Obra, River Warta and River Odra (Oder).
One of the buildings of the University of Warsaw in Poland, c.1989.
Poland has some great universities. The best of these offer a higher education of a standard up there with the best colleges and universities in the world. Here then is a list of what are widely considered the best and consistently highest ranked universities in Poland. All of the below feature in the newly published Times Higher Education ‘World University Rankings 2016′.
A picture postcard image of the Jagiellonian library at the University of Krakow in Poland, c.1930.
1 – University of Warsaw
2 – Warsaw University of Technology
3 – Jagiellonian University in Krakow
4 – Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan
5 – AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow
6 – Gdansk University of Technology
7 – University of Lodz
8 – Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun
9 – University of Silesia in Katowice
The main building of the University of Adam Mickiewicz (German: Reichsuniversität) in Poznan, c.1941.
According to the same ranking system the best university in the world is the University of Oxford in England. View the full results here.
Today is Three Kings Day in Poland and many other Christian countries.
Three Kings Day (Trzech Króli) is an important celebration with parades featuring the Three Wise Men, in many larger cities. Carols are sung and special services are held in most churches. And special cakes are baked and eaten.
The KMB inscription above the doorway to a newly built house in the west of Poland.
In addition, in homes throughout Poland, Poles take a small box containing a piece of chalk, incense, a piece of amber, and a gold ring to a church to be blessed. When home they then inscribe the letters K+M+B+ and the year with the chalk above the main doorway to the house. Tradition has it that this provides protection against illness and misfortune for all those within. The letters, with a cross after each one, stand for the names of the Three Kings in Polish – Kacper, Melchior and Baltazar. These markings remain above the door all year or until they disappear with weather or are replaced by new markings on the 6th of January the following year. In some households markings are made above every door in the house! And some Poles don’t get their chalk blessed in church but just add the inscription in chalk themselves. However, in some smaller communities, this is seen as a serious spiritual event with the priest present when the inscription is made.
Three Kings Day or Epiphany is an official non-working national public holiday in Poland. Almost everywhere is closed. Schools, offices, shops, indeed, pretty much any place.
Many families will also remove and eat any edible decorations on their Christmas trees and take down their Xmas tree on Three Kings Day, as this is officially the 12th day of Christmas, which marks the end of the Christmas season.
Read more about Epiphany in Poland on our earlier webpage about the initials KMB.