Did you know that one of the earliest popular computers was invented by a Pole?
The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International. It has been listed in the Guinness World Records as the highest-selling single computer model of all time. The model was discontinued in 1994 and more than 10 million units were sold.
It was invented by Jacek Trzmiel, who later changed his name to Jack Tramiel. Jacek was a Polish Jew who survived being sent to the German concentration camp at Auschwitz, and emigrated to the USA after the war. While living in America he established the Commodore office equipment company, which went on to develop and produce the iconic Commodore 64 computer.
Matejki Jana (Marienstrasse) in Oleśnica (Oels), c.1939.
Four old images of the town of Oleśnica (former: Oels) in Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien) in the southwest of Poland. All photographs were taken between 1939 and 1945 when Olesnica was called Oels and part of Germany.
An archive photograph of Ulica 3 Maja in Olesnica (Oels) in what was Schesien, sometime in late 1939.
Five things you may like to know about Olesnica
- Oleśnica is approximately 29 kms northeast of Wroclaw (Breslau).
- The German composer Carl Heinrich Zöllner was born in Olesnica.
- Oleśnica is famous for its 16th century Renaissance castle.
- Olesnica currently has a population of just under 40,000.
- The German and Prussian Crown Prince Wilhelm had a castle in Olesnica. And over 10,000 hectares of workable land south of the town.
The central market square area of Olesnica (Oels) as it looked in early 1940.
Cars parked outside Bahnhofshotel on Reja Mikołaja in Olesnica (Oels), c.1941.
- Information and archive photographs of the nearby villages of Bystre, Kątna, Krzeczyn, Ligota Male, Ligota Wielkie, Oleśniczka, Smolna, and Solniki Wielkie.
- Old images of the nearby towns of Oława and Trzebnica.
An old lithographic picture postcard of Olawa (former: Ohlau) in Lower Silesia, c.1899
Four more old images from our extensive picture archive of all things Polish and Poland related! Here the town of Oława, in Lower Silesia, south west Poland.
A steam train at the small railway station (kleinbahnhof) in Olawa / Ohlau, Silesia, c.1925.
Four random facts about Oława
- Olawa (Ohlau) was once well known as a centre of tobacco-growing.
- The German explorer Hermann Eberhard was born in the town in 1852.
- Until 1945 Olawa was called Ohlau and part of Prussia, Germany.
- The population of Oława currently numbers around 32,500.
Cars outside Daze’s Hotel in the Market Square (Rynek) in Olawa (Ohlau), Lower Silesia, c.1941.
A bird eye view of the centre of Oława (Ohlau in Schlesien), c.1941.
An old and rather neglected corner of Dzierżoniów (German name: Reichenbach), in Schlesien, c.1914.
Here are a selection of pre-war images from our old picture archive of the town of Dzierżoniów (former: Reichenbach) in Lower Silesia, Poland.
An early photographic picture postcard of children in Dzierzoniow (Reichenbach) sometime in the 1920s.
Random nuggets about Dzierżoniów
- Prior to 1945 Dzierżoniów was named Reichenbach and part of Germany.
- Reichenbach was renamed Rychbach in 1945 and then changed again to Dzierżoniów in 1946.
- Dzierżoniów takes its name from the Polish priest and beekeeper Jan Dzierżon.
- The current population of the town is around 33,000.
An aerial photograph of the town hall and main square in Dzierzoniow / Reichenbach, Lower Silesia, c.1929.
More facts about Dzierżoniów
- The town was captured from the defending German forces by the Red Army on 8th May 1945.
- Thirteen beautiful and historic tenement houses forming the northern frontage of the market square were demolished in the late 1960s.
- The Pilawa River passes through Dzierżoniów.
- Dzierżoniów is around 60 kms south west of the city of Wrocław.
What is now ulica Świdnicka and the centre of Dzierzoniow (Reichenbach), c.1933.
- old images and information on the nearby vilages of Łagiewniki (Heidersdorf), Ligota Wielka (Groß Ellguth), and Walim (Wustewaltersdorf).
An old picture postcard from the very early years of the 20th century of Katy Wroclawskie (Canth).
The small town of Kąty Wrocławskie (former: Canth / Kanth) is located around 22 kilometres (14 miles) south-west of the city of Wrocław in Lower Silesia, Poland.
An old picture postcard showing the Catholic Church in Katy Wroclawsie (German: Canth / Kanth), c.1927.
Some totally random facts about Kąty Wrocławskie
- Katy Wrocławskie was part of Germany and known by the name Canth or Kanth until 1945.
- A German Prisoner of War camp housing around 2,000 Russian soldiers existed in Katy from 1942 to 1945.
- Kąty was taken and occupied from defending German forces by the Red Army on February 8th 1945.
- Katy has its own railway station on the Zgorzelec to Wrocław line.
Another picture postcard of the central square area of Katy Wroclawskie (Canth / Kanth), c.1929.
An aerial photograph of Katy Wroclawskie (Canth), taken in 1930.
Great Polish Inventions
I bet you didn’t realise that the first commercial bullet proof vests (jackets) were invented by two Poles, did you?
Kazimierz Żegleń (Casimir Zeglen) and Jan Szczepani came up with and patented the invention in 1897.
An old lithographic picture postcard of Kiełczów (former: Gross Wiegelsdorf) in Lower Silesia, c.1899.
Kiełczów is a village near Wrocław, in Lower Silesia, in south-western Poland.
Prior to 1945. Kielczow was called Gross Wiegelsdorf and part of Germany.
Two photographs of Kiełczów (Gross Wiegelsdorf) near Wroclaw (Breslau) on a postcard mailed in 1929.
Three things you may not know about Kiełczów
- Kielczow is located 10 kilometres (6 miles) east of Wroclaw.
- The postcode for Kielczow is 55-093.
- The population of Kielczow currently numbers approximately 4,500.
Four more old postcard images of Kieczow (Wiegelsdorf) near Wroclaw (Breslau). Posted in 1931 to Berlin.
Gola Dzierżoniowska (German: Guhlau), c.1900
Gola Dzierżoniowska (former: Guhlau) is a tiny village in the foothills of the Owl Mountains in Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien), south-west of Poland.
Gola Dzierzoniowska (German name: Guhlau), near Niemcza (niem. Nimptsch) in Niederschlesien, c.1903.
Gola Dzierżoniowska (former: Guhlau) in Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien), c.1919.
Nearby villages and towns:
- Bielawa (Langenbielau)
- Dzierżoniów (Reichenbach)
- Jaźwina (Langseifersdorf)
- Łagiewniki (Heidersdorf)
- Ligota Wielka (Groß Ellguth)
- Niemcza (Nimptsch)
- Pieszyce (Peterswaldau).
- Piława Górna (Gnadenfrei).
- Ratajno (Panthenau).
- Sokolniki (Wättrisch).
The sugar factory, two churches, and other parts of Lagiewniki (former: Heidersdorf), c.1911.
Łagiewniki (German name: Heidersdorf) is a village in Lower Silesia, southwest Poland. It is located approximately 43 kilometres south west of the regional capital, Wroclaw.
The railway station (bahnhof) in Lagiewniki / Heidersdorf in Lower Silesia, c.1912.
Three things you might not know about Lagiewniki
- Lagiewniki was once famous for sugar production. A large factory opened here in 1857 but closed in the early 2000s.
- Łagiewniki was called Heidersdorf until 1945 and part of Germany.
- The population of Łagiewniki numbers around 2,700.
A view of Lagiewniki (Heidersdorf, kreis Nimptsch) from the church tower, c.1921.
More old images of Łagiewniki (former: Heidersdorf).
And the nearby village of Jaźwina (Langseifersdorf).
The town hall and church in the centre of Syców (German: Gross Wartenburg), c.1939.
Syców (former: Wartenberg / Gross Wartenburg) is a town in Lower Silesia, south-west Poland.
A photograph of the castle and information in German on Sycow (Gross Wartenburg), c.1940.
Three things you may not know about Syców:
- Syców was known as both Gross Wartenberg and Polnisch Wartenberg prior to 1945.
- At the end of the war, the town hall and the castle were looted and set on fire. Both buildings were demolished in the early 1950s and replaced by a car park and square.
- At the last census the population of Sycow numbered just over 10,000.
The railway station in Syców (German name Gross Wartenberg), c.1941. The line to Bukowa Śląska (Buchelsdorf) closed in 1989.
Where is Sycow?
Syców is around 27 kilometres north-east of Oleśnica, 29 kilometres north of Namysłów, and 47 kilometres north-east of the regional capital Wrocław.