Tag Archives: Birds

Birdwatching in Poland

Poland is a country positively awash with birds, and bird species that are either extinct or under pressure elsewhere in Europe are fairly commonplace in many parts of the country. Healthy and flourishing populations of White-tailed Eagles, Corncrakes, Red Kites, Aquatic Warblers, Black Storks, Great Snipes, and Cranes are present. And each Spring more than 25 per cent of Europe’s White Storks choose to breed in Poland.

birdwatching poland

Important Birdwatching Sites in Poland

Although large numbers of interesting and rare birds can be seen throughout much of Poland there are a number of must-visit sites. We have personally visited all of the sites below and spotted examples of all of the birds mentioned (and many more!) during the time(s) we were there.

Babia Gora – Capercaillie, Crossbill, Ring Ouzel, Ural, White-backed Woodpecker
Biebrza Marshes – Corncrake, Great Snipe, Spotted Eagle, Whinchat, White-backed Woodpecker
Bialowieza Forest – Black Woodpecker, Hazelhen, Lesser-spotted Eagle, Nightjar
Bieszczady National Park – Eagle Owl, Golden Eagle, Three-toed Woodpecker, Ural Owl,
Chelm Marshes – Aquatic Warbler, Little Crake, Montagu Harrier, White Stork
Janow Forest – Black Stork, Capercaillie, Crane, Goshawk, Hobby
Kampinos National Park – Corncrake, Crane, Woodcock, Woodlark
Lubuskie Lake District – Black Stork, Corncrake, Crane, Golden Oriole, Greenish Warbler, Marsh Harrier, Middle-spotted Woodpecker, Thrush Nightingale, White Stork; White-tailed Eagle
Mazurian Lakes – Black Grouse, Osprey, Red kite, Red-crested Pochard, Woodlark
Milicz Fish Ponds – Bittern, Cormorant, Purple Heron, White-tailed Eagle, Whooper Swan
Notecka Primeval Forest – Black Kite, Black Woodpecker, Corncrakes, Cranes, Black Stork, Greater-spotted Woodpecker, Honey Buzzard, Nightingale, White Stork, White-tailed Eagle
Odra Valley – Collared Flycatcher, Golden Oriole, Middle Spotted Woodpecker, Nightingale, River Warbler
Slonsk Bird Reserve – Aquatic Warbler, Corncrake, Crane, Hoopoe, Nightingale, Ruff, Shelduck, Spotted Crake, Montagu Harrier, Whopper Swan, White-tailed Eagle, Wryneck
Szczecin Bay – Aquatic Warbler, Black Tern, Dunlin, Oystercatcher, Osprey, Red Kite, Short-toed Eagle, Smew, White-tailed Eagle
Tatra National Park – Nutcracker, Pygmy Owl, Redpoll, Wallcreeper, White-backed woodpecker
Turawa Reservoir – Bittern, Scarlet Rosefinch, Wood Sandpiper
Warta Valley – Corn crakes, Cranes, Great Snipe, Ferruginous Duck, Ortolan Bunting, Pintail, Redshanks, Ruffs, Spotted Crakes, White Stork (lots and lots of these breed here)

Polish eagle

The birds of Poland are one of our passions here at Polish Poland, so further details of the birds to be found at these locations, tips on the best places to visit and stay within those areas, and individual birding reports will follow! Subscribe to receive free site updates in your email inbox.

Birds Poland

Related content on Polish Poland: information and photographs of the Warta River.

Black Storks

The black stork (Ciconia nigra / bocian czarny) is a large wading bird, which is a summer visitor to and breeds in large numbers in Poland. Most, if not all, birds migrate south in winter to in Africa, India or China. Unlike their relative the white stork, black storks are a solitary nester. The breeding season for black storks starts in May and once the stork has found a mate they stay together for life. The breeding pair build a stick nest together high up in the canopy of trees, sometimes reusing nests in successive years. The female will generally lay three or four eggs. The eggs are incubated for approximately five weeks by both parents and when hatched the storks share the feeding of the chicks until they leave the nest at around 3 months old.

Birds Poland

The black stork feeds mainly on fish, but also takes insects, frogs, snails, small reptiles, mice and smaller birds. Most foraging takes place in shallow water or boggy meadows, where the black stork stalks its prey, catching it with a swift stab of its beak.

The Black Stork is on average (90-105cm) slightly smaller than the White Stork. It has a purple and green gloss to its black plumage and a white belly. It has a dagger-like red bill and is red around eye. The adult Black Stork has long red legs.

Related content: White Storks; Birdwatching in Poland.

White-tailed Eagle

Polish eagle

The white-tailed eagle is a huge bird with a wingspan of up to 245 cm (over 8 feet) wide. It has brown body plumage with a pale head and neck which can be almost white in older birds, and the tail feathers of adults are white.

White-tailed eagles normally breed at around six years of age. Over the winter they are involved in courtship and nest building, and their eggs are laid in March. Normally 1 or 2 eggs are laid, which are incubated for about 40 days. Young birds remain in the nest for approximately 12 weeks before they fledge. Fish, smaller birds and ducks are staple food items in a white-tailed eagles’ diet. White-tailed eagles can live for more than 20 years.

The White Eagle is the national coat of arms of Poland. A stylized white-tailed eagle with a golden beak and talons.

Related content on Polish Poland: Bird-watching in Poland.