The postman has just brought me this great little model of a communist period Nysa truck. Well, actually, it was purchased as a present for our seven year old son but …
Nysa (former – Neisse) is a city with a population of approximately 43,000. It is located in the province of Opole, close to the borders of historic Upper and Lower Silesia, in southwestern Poland.
Some things you may not know about Nysa:
- Nysa was called Neisse and part of Silesia (Schlesien) in Germany until 1945.
- In the early 1950s many buildings in the centre of Nysa were demolished to provide several million bricks for the reconstruction of Warsaw.
- Railway lines connect Nysa with cities such as Brzeg, Kalkow Laka, Katowice, Legnica and Opole.
Related content: pre-war images of Nysa / Neisse.
Nysa (former: Neisse) is a town in the Opole province in the southwest of Poland. It lies on the Nysa Kłodzka river and has a population of around 43,000.
Good to know:
- Nysa is historically part of Upper Silesia.
- The biochemist and Nobel prizewinner Konrad Emil Bloch was born in Nysa.
- Nicolaus Copernicus (Mikołaj Kopernik) once lived in Nysa.
Neisse to Nysa
The German history of Neisse / Nysa ended in March 1945 when the city was taken by the Soviet army. Although, most of the buildings managed to survive pretty much intact the battle between German and Russian armies, the historic centre of the city was, following its capture, burnt to the ground by drunken Red Army soldiers. As a result more than 60% of Neisse / Nysa was destroyed. Any surviving German population was expelled and following the defeat of Germany and decisions made by the victorious powers the entire area was transferred from Germany to Poland. And the name of the city was changed from Neisse to Nysa.
The ZSD Nysa was produced in the town of Nysa, Poland, from 1958 until 1994. The Nysa like the Zuk were vans heavily based on the FSO Warszawa car, which itself was a licensed version of the Russian GAZ-M20 Pobeda.
There were 380,575 Nysa vans produced. In Poland many Nysa vans were probably chiefly used by the Militia Police to carry policeman and prisoners about, but, also used as ambulances, tow trucks, fire trucks, and converted into pick-up trucks. Vast numbers – in some years almost 70% of production – were exported to fellow Eastern-bloc countries.
Related page on the Polish Poland website: Nysa’s big brother – the squarer Zuk van.