Tag Archives: Posen

Kaiser Wilhelm Platz in Poznan

Plac Wolności Through Time

Wilhelmsplatz, Posen

The monument to Kaiser Wilhelm and Wilhelmsplatz (Plac Wolności), Posen / Poznan, c.1905.

wilhelmplatz posen

Kaiser Wilhelmplatz / Plac Wolności in Posen / Poznan, c.1910.

A selection of old images of Kaiser Wilhelm Platz / Plac Wolności (Liberty Square) in the centre of Poznan. Related content on Polish Poland: Images of Plac Wolności during the communist period.

wilhelms platz poznan

Wilhelmsplatz / Plac Wolności, Poznan, c.1918.

wilhelmplatz poznan

Kaiser Wilhelm Platz / Plac Wolności, Poznan, c.1940.

wilhelm kaiser platz

Wilhelmplatz, Poznan / Posen in 1943.

Stalag XXI D Posen / Poznan

Stalag XXI D Prisoner of War Camp in Posen / Poznan

The Stalag XXI-D (21D) camp in Posen / Poznan was established in 1940 and held at several sites anything up to 3,000 prisoners of war at various points in time. It held British, Polish, and allied soldiers with most of the British soldiered being originally captured in the Dunkirk area of northern France. The camp was emptied in late 1944 and early 1945 with many prisoners made to march long distances westward ahead of the advancing Red Army, which arrived in the Poznan area in January 1945.

POWs Posen Poznan

British Prisoners of War at Stalag XXI D POW camp in Posen, Poznan, 1941.

Note – Although the location is in present-day Poland, Stalag 21 D was a German World War Two POW camp, established after the invasion of Poland in what the Germans called the Reichsgau Wartheland.

Communist era Poznan

poznan 1960

An original photograph taken in Poznan in June 1960. Click on image to enlarge to see more detail.

Three more communist-era images of the city of Poznan in Poland.

poznan 1960 posen

A 1960 photograph of horse-drawn buggies in the centre of Poznan.

poznan 1960 postcard

A multiview picture postcard featuring three different images. This mailed in 1965 from Poznan to England. Click to enlarge image.

Related webpages on Polish Poland:

Poznan between the wars; More images of 1960s Poznan; Poznan in the 1970s.

Posen / Poznan

Three early pictures of Posen (Poznan) in what was until the end of the First World War part of Germany.

Bismarck monument Posen

An old picture postcard of the Bismarck Monument in Posen (Poznan), c.1910.

Posen festung

Fortress Posen – military airplanes and a zeppelin airship over the Posen (Poznan) skyline, c.1914.

Posen Poznan City Hall

An old postcard of the Old Market Square and City Hall in Posen, c.1910. Click image to enlarge.

See also our pictures of Poznan during the interwar period.

Kaiser Wilhelm in Posen / Poznan

Posen poznan kaiser wilhelm

A picture of Kaiser Wilhelm and Hindenburg outside the castle in Posen.

Two pictures of the castle in Posen before the city became part of Poland. Kaiser Wilhelm and Hindenburg at the castle in Posen (Poznan) and the castle itself. Both images date back to 1915.

Posen Poznan castle poland

An old picture postcard of the castle in Posen, Poland, c.1915.

The castle (Zamek) in Posen was constructed in 1910 by Franz Schwechten for the German Emperor, Wilhelm II. The castle (really more of a palace) was built as his provincial residence and has housed the local government offices of both Germany and Poland.

Poznan between the wars

Three photographic postcards of Poznan (Posen) between the wars (1919 – 1939).

Poznan Posen Poland

A photograph and postcard probably dating back to around 1916. The name change has been added later and the postcard itself posted in 1920.

Click on any image to enlarge the picture and see more detail.

Poznan posen polen

A photograph of Aleja Marcinkowskiego, Poznan, in the 1920s.

With Germany’s defeat in the First World War, and events such as the Greater Poland Uprising (1918–1919) and the Treaty of Versailles, Poznan became part of a newly independent Poland. The population of the city had to acquire Polish citizenship or leave the country, which led to a significant decline of ethnic Germans. Indeed the number of registered Germans decreased from more than 65,000 in 1910 to 4,387 in 1934. Poznań’s university (Adam Mickiewicz University) was founded and the Poznan International Fairs began during this interwar period. Following the German invasion of Poland in September 1939 Poznań was incorporated into the Third Reich and became the capital of Reichsgau Wartheland.

poznan posen 1933

The entrance to the P.W.K international fair held each year in Poznan. This image is from the 1929 National Exhibition event, which attracted around 4.5 million visitors.

Poznań (Posen) is a city on the Warta river in west-central Poland. It is capital of the Polish province of Wielkopolska (Greater Poland). The current population of Poznan is about 550,000.