Tag Archives: Surnames

Names in Poland

polish names

In Poland it is required by law for a given name to clearly indicate the person’s gender. Registering names, which do not appear on an official list of names is also problematic or even impossible.

As in other European countries children usually take the surnames of their fathers. It is though becoming popular to take two surnames (one from each parent). For example, Walczak-Bukiewicz, Walczak from the father and Bukiewicz from the mother. Female spouses often have hyphenated surnames, the first part her maiden name, the second the surname of her husband. It is extremely rare for women not to take their husband’s surname. Similarly, children generally do not take the mother’s surname, except as in a double-barrelled surname.

Most confusingly for non-Polish speakers is, perhaps, that females who take their husband’s surname may take a feminized form of the name. The wife of Mr Kowalski may be Mrs Kowalska. Polish surnames also take different endings according to a complex set of declensions. Mr Kowalski and Mrs Kowalski together become Mr and Mrs Kowalscy.

Surnames / Family Names in Poland

Have you ever wondered what the most common Polish surnames are?

Here are the top twenty surnames / family names in Poland. They are ranked in order of the number of people using the name in Poland today.

1 – Nowak / NOWAK
2 – Kowalska / KOWALSKI
3 – Wisniewska / WIŚNIEWSKI
4 – Wojcik
5 – Kowalczyk
6 – Kaminska / KAMINSKI
7 – Lewandowska / LEWANDOWSKI
8 – Szymanska / SZYMAŃSKI
9 – Zielenzka / ZIELIŃSKI
10 – Wozniak
11 – Dabrowska / DĄBROWSKI
12 – Kozlowska / KOZLOWSKI
13 – Jankowska / JANKOWSKI
14 – Mazur
15 – Wojciechowska / WOJCIECHOWSKI
16 – Kwiatkowska / KWIATKOWSKI
17 – Krawczyk
18 – Kaczmerek
19 – Piotrowska / PIOTROWSKI
20 – Grabowska / GRABOWSKI

In Polish the ending of some surnames changes depending on whether the person is male or female. So for example, a female member of one family would be PAWŁOWSKA whereas her husband would have the name PAWŁOWSKI.

Related pages on Polish Poland:
The most common first names in Poland, all ages, both genders.
The most popular names given to Polish children today.

Polish surnames