The synagogue in Schneidemuehl, now, Piła, Wielkpolskie, Poland, c.1905. It was destroyed by fire during the Nazi pogrom of 9th/10th November 1938.
Three old images from our archive of now lost Synagogues in present-day Poland. All three were once in areas, which were part of Germany until 1945. All three were destroyed by the Nazis during the pogroms of November 1938.
The synagog in Gruenberg, Silesia, now, Zielona Gora, Lubuskie, Poland, c.1905. This Synagogue was burnt down on Crystal Night, the 10th November, 1938.
Information on and images of former synagogues in present-day Poland:
- A Synagogue in Bialsko-Biala.
- A Synagogue in Grajewo.
- A Synagogue in Katowice.
- The Old Synagogue in Krakow.
- The ‘New’ Synagogue in Poznan (Posen) in Greater Poland.
- The Synagogue in Wolsztyn.
- A Synagogue in Lodz.
- A Synagogue in Warsaw.
- The conversion of the Synagogue in Miedzryzecz.
An early 1900s image of the synagogue in Koeslin, Pommern, now, Koszalin, Poland. It was built to the ground on Kristallnacht in November 1938.
Related content on Polish Poland:
- A little-known and relatively well preserved Jewish cemetery in Poland.
The ‘New’ Synagogue in Poznan (Posen) as it looked not long after it was built in 1908.
Four images of the ‘New Synagogue’ in Poznan (Posen), Wielkopolskie, western Poland.
A early ‘Tucks’ picture postcard of the New Synagoge in Poznan, Poland, c.1909.
The early history of the ‘New’ Synagogue in Poznan, Poland.
- The New Syangogue replaced three earlier synagogues, which had fallen in to disrepair.
- The New Synagogue’s foundation stone was laid in May 1906.
- The opening ceremony of the synagogue took place on the 5th of September 1907.
A vintage image of the New Synagogue in Poznan (Posen), Poland, c.1918.
The wartime history of the New Synagogue:
- Early in the Second World War the synagogue was converted into an indoor swimming pool for the soldiers of the Wehrmacht, who in the process completely destroyed the interior and demolished the dome.
An old photograph of the ‘New’ Synagogue in Poznan (Posen), Poland, c.1919.
The post-war building:
- The former ‘New’ Synagogue continued to be used a swimming pool until the late 1990s.
- The building was given to the Jewish Religious Community of Poland in 2002. Who at present have some plans to restore the building to something resembling to its prewar appearance and turn it into a centre of Judaism and Tolerance.
- There is some controversy over what should happen to the synagogue. Some individuals have asserted that it should be completely demolished as the building of this synagogue was in some way originally part of the German policy of Kulturkampf, the aim of which was to limit the influence of Polishness and Catholicism in Poznan.
Related content on Polish Poland: old images of pre-war Poznan / Posen.
An early 1900s image of the centre of Wolsztyn (Wollstein), The synagogue is on the right.
Some archive photographs of a synagogue in the small town of Wolsztyn (Wollstein) in the west of Poland.
Another photographic view of the Jewish synagogue in Wolsztyn, c.1916.
The synagogue in Wolsztyn was built in 1842 and extensively renovated in 1896. It served the diminishing Jewish population of the town until 1939 when it went completely out of use. During the war it suffered some damage and was converted in to a cinema when the war ended. It continued as the ‘Tatry’ cinema until the end of the communist period.
The former synagogue in Wolsztyn in Poland. After the war it was converted in to a cinema. This image from 1967.
In the late 1990s, the synagogue building was claimed by the Poznan Jewish community, who then sold it to a private investor, who planned to convert it in to a shopping centre. However, the building burnt down under mysterious circumstances at the end of last year (2009) and is no more.
There are some plans to rebuild some sort of commercial property on the site, perhaps incorporating a frontage in the style of the original synagog.
Related content on Polish Poland: old pre-war images of Wollstein / Wolsztyn.