Author Archives: PolishPoland

Commodore 64 Computer

Did you know that one of the earliest popular computers was invented by a Pole?

The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International. It has been listed in the Guinness World Records as the highest-selling single computer model of all time. The model was discontinued in 1994 and more than 10 million units were sold.

The iconic Commodore 64 computer. Invented by a Pole!

It was invented by Jacek Trzmiel, who later changed his name to Jack Tramiel. Jacek was a Polish Jew who survived being sent to the German concentration camp at Auschwitz, and emigrated to the USA after the war. While living in America he established the Commodore office equipment company, which went on to develop and produce the iconic Commodore 64 computer.

Oels / Oleśnica

oels Oleśnica

Matejki Jana (Marienstrasse) in Oleśnica (Oels), c.1939.

Four old images of the town of Oleśnica (former: Oels) in Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien) in the southwest of Poland. All photographs were taken between 1939 and 1945 when Olesnica was called Oels and part of Germany.

oels olesnica 1939

An archive photograph of Ulica 3 Maja in Olesnica (Oels) in what was Schesien, sometime in late 1939.

Five things you may like to know about Olesnica
- Oleśnica is approximately 29 kms northeast of Wroclaw (Breslau).
- The German composer Carl Heinrich Zöllner was born in Olesnica.
- Oleśnica is famous for its 16th century Renaissance castle.
- Olesnica currently has a population of just under 40,000.
- The German and Prussian Crown Prince Wilhelm had a castle in Olesnica. And over 10,000 hectares of workable land south of the town.

oels olesnica

The central market square area of Olesnica (Oels) as it looked in early 1940.

oels olesnica

Cars parked outside Bahnhofshotel on Reja Mikołaja in Olesnica (Oels), c.1941.

See also:

- Information and archive photographs of the nearby villages of Bystre, Kątna, Krzeczyn, Ligota Male, Ligota Wielkie, Oleśniczka, Smolna, and Solniki Wielkie.
- Old images of the nearby towns of Oława and Trzebnica.

Ohlau / Olawa

ohlau olawa

An old lithographic picture postcard of Olawa (former: Ohlau) in Lower Silesia, c.1899

Four more old images from our extensive picture archive of all things Polish and Poland related! Here the town of Oława, in Lower Silesia, south west Poland.

ohlau olawa bahnhof

A steam train at the small railway station (kleinbahnhof) in Olawa / Ohlau, Silesia, c.1925.

Four random facts about Oława
- Olawa (Ohlau) was once well known as a centre of tobacco-growing.
- The German explorer Hermann Eberhard was born in the town in 1852.
- Until 1945 Olawa was called Ohlau and part of Prussia, Germany.
- The population of Oława currently numbers around 32,500.

ohlau olawa hotel

Cars outside Daze’s Hotel in the Market Square (Rynek) in Olawa (Ohlau), Lower Silesia, c.1941.

Oława ohlau schesien

A bird eye view of the centre of Oława (Ohlau in Schlesien), c.1941.

Reichenbach / Dzierżoniów

Dzierżoniów reichenbach schlesien

An old and rather neglected corner of Dzierżoniów (German name: Reichenbach), in Schlesien, c.1914.

Here are a selection of pre-war images from our old picture archive of the town of Dzierżoniów (former: Reichenbach) in Lower Silesia, Poland.

dzierzoniow reichenbach

An early photographic picture postcard of children in Dzierzoniow (Reichenbach) sometime in the 1920s.

Random nuggets about Dzierżoniów

- Prior to 1945 Dzierżoniów was named Reichenbach and part of Germany.
- Reichenbach was renamed Rychbach in 1945 and then changed again to Dzierżoniów in 1946.
- Dzierżoniów takes its name from the Polish priest and beekeeper Jan Dzierżon.
- The current population of the town is around 33,000.

dzierzoniow reichenbach silesia

An aerial photograph of the town hall and main square in Dzierzoniow / Reichenbach, Lower Silesia, c.1929.

More facts about Dzierżoniów

- The town was captured from the defending German forces by the Red Army on 8th May 1945.
- Thirteen beautiful and historic tenement houses forming the northern frontage of the market square were demolished in the late 1960s.
- The Pilawa River passes through Dzierżoniów.
- Dzierżoniów is around 60 kms south west of the city of Wrocław.

Dzierzoniow Reichenbach germany

What is now ulica Świdnicka and the centre of Dzierzoniow (Reichenbach), c.1933.

See also:
- old images and information on the nearby vilages of Łagiewniki (Heidersdorf), Ligota Wielka (Groß Ellguth), and Walim (Wustewaltersdorf).

Kąty Wrocławskie

kanth katy wroclawskie canth Wrocław

An old picture postcard from the very early years of the 20th century of Katy Wroclawskie (Canth).

The small town of Kąty Wrocławskie (former: Canth / Kanth) is located around 22 kilometres (14 miles) south-west of the city of Wrocław in Lower Silesia, Poland.

kanth katy wroclawskie breslau

An old picture postcard showing the Catholic Church in Katy Wroclawsie (German: Canth / Kanth), c.1927.

Some totally random facts about Kąty Wrocławskie
- Katy Wrocławskie was part of Germany and known by the name Canth or Kanth until 1945.
- A German Prisoner of War camp housing around 2,000 Russian soldiers existed in Katy from 1942 to 1945.
- Kąty was taken and occupied from defending German forces by the Red Army on February 8th 1945.
- Katy has its own railway station on the Zgorzelec to Wrocław line.

kanth katy wroclawskie canth

Another picture postcard of the central square area of Katy Wroclawskie (Canth / Kanth), c.1929.

kanth katy wroclawskie canth

An aerial photograph of Katy Wroclawskie (Canth), taken in 1930.

Wiegelsdorf / Kiełczów

wiegersdorf Kiełczów breslau

An old lithographic picture postcard of Kiełczów (former: Gross Wiegelsdorf) in Lower Silesia, c.1899.

Kiełczów is a village near Wrocław, in Lower Silesia, in south-western Poland.
Prior to 1945. Kielczow was called Gross Wiegelsdorf and part of Germany.

Wiegersdorf Kiełczów wroclaw

Two photographs of Kiełczów (Gross Wiegelsdorf) near Wroclaw (Breslau) on a postcard mailed in 1929.

Three things you may not know about Kiełczów
- Kielczow is located 10 kilometres (6 miles) east of Wroclaw.
- The postcode for Kielczow is 55-093.
- The population of Kielczow currently numbers approximately 4,500.

Wiegersdorf kielczow

Four more old postcard images of Kieczow (Wiegelsdorf) near Wroclaw (Breslau). Posted in 1931 to Berlin.

Krajanów / Krainsdorf

krajanow crainsdorf krainsdorf

A very early postcard view of Krajanow (German: Crainsdorf / Krainsdorf). Mailed to Wroclaw (Breslau) in 1901.

Krajanów (former: Crainsdorf / Krainsdorf) is a village in the Nowa Ruda (Neurode) area of Lower Silesia, south west Poland.

krajanów krainsdorf

An old picture postcard of Krajanow (German names: Crainsdorf, Krainsdorf) in Lower Silesia, c.1911.

Selected trivia related to Krajanów:

The writer Olga Tokarczuk lives in the village for some of the year. Her most known work to date is the novel Biegunia (Flights).
- Krajanów was named Krainsdorf and part of Germany until 1945. The German population of Krajanow that had not fled before was expelled in 1946.

krajanow krainsdorf church

The 16th century Church of st. George in the middle of Krajanow (Krainsdorf), c.1927.

Three other things you may not know about Krajanów:

- After the war Krajanow was in part settled by people from Podhale (a region in southern Poland in the northern foothills of the Tatra Mountains).
- The current population of Krajanow is around 160.
- All cars registered in Krajanow have registration plates starting with the letters DKL.

krajanow krainsdorf niederschlesien

The manor house (Schloss) in Krajanow (Krainsdorf) in Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien), c.1930.

krajanow krainsdorf schlesien

A view of the village of Krajanow (German name: Krainsdorf), Lower Silesia (Schlesien). c.1937.

Krajanów is located near the Polish border with the Czech Republic. Neighboring villages are Dworki (Vierhoefe) and Świerki (Koenigswalde) to the northwest, Ludwikowice Kłodzkie (Ludwigsdorf) to the northeast, Drogosław (Kunzendorf) to the east, and Sokolica (Zaughals) to the southeast. Beyond the Czech border lies the village of Šonov to the west. Krajanow lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 miles) north-west of Nowa Ruda (Neurode), 26 kilometres (16 miles) north-west of Kłodzko (Glatz), and 72 kilometres (45 miles) south-west of the Lower Silesian capital Wrocław (Breslau).

Guhlau / Gola Dzierzoniowska

Gola Dzierżoniowska Guhlau

Gola Dzierżoniowska (German: Guhlau), c.1900

Gola Dzierżoniowska (former: Guhlau) is a tiny village in the foothills of the Owl Mountains in Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien), south-west of Poland.

Gola Dzierzoniowska guhlau schlesien

Gola Dzierzoniowska (German name: Guhlau), near Niemcza (niem. Nimptsch) in Niederschlesien, c.1903.

Gola Dzierżoniowska Guhlau niederschlesien

Gola Dzierżoniowska (former: Guhlau) in Lower Silesia (Niederschlesien), c.1919.

Nearby villages and towns:

- Bielawa (Langenbielau)
- Dzierżoniów (Reichenbach)
- Jaźwina (Langseifersdorf)
- Łagiewniki (Heidersdorf)
- Ligota Wielka (Groß Ellguth)
- Niemcza (Nimptsch)
- Pieszyce (Peterswaldau).
- Piława Górna (Gnadenfrei).
- Ratajno (Panthenau).
- Sokolniki (Wättrisch).

Heidersdorf / Łagiewniki

Lagiewniki Heidersdorf

The sugar factory, two churches, and other parts of Lagiewniki (former: Heidersdorf), c.1911.

Łagiewniki (German name: Heidersdorf) is a village in Lower Silesia, southwest Poland. It is located approximately 43 kilometres south west of the regional capital, Wroclaw.

lagiewniki heidersdorf silesia

The railway station (bahnhof) in Lagiewniki / Heidersdorf in Lower Silesia, c.1912.

Three things you might not know about Lagiewniki

- Lagiewniki was once famous for sugar production. A large factory opened here in 1857 but closed in the early 2000s.
- Łagiewniki was called Heidersdorf until 1945 and part of Germany.
- The population of Łagiewniki numbers around 2,700.

lagiewniki heidersdorf nimptsch

A view of Lagiewniki (Heidersdorf, kreis Nimptsch) from the church tower, c.1921.

More old images of Łagiewniki (former: Heidersdorf).

And the nearby village of Jaźwina (Langseifersdorf).