Poznan between the wars

Three photographic postcards of Poznan (Posen) between the wars (1919 – 1939).

Poznan Posen Poland

A photograph and postcard probably dating back to around 1916. The name change has been added later and the postcard itself posted in 1920.

Click on any image to enlarge the picture and see more detail.

Poznan posen polen

A photograph of Aleja Marcinkowskiego, Poznan, in the 1920s.

With Germany’s defeat in the First World War, and events such as the Greater Poland Uprising (1918–1919) and the Treaty of Versailles, Poznan became part of a newly independent Poland. The population of the city had to acquire Polish citizenship or leave the country, which led to a significant decline of ethnic Germans. Indeed the number of registered Germans decreased from more than 65,000 in 1910 to 4,387 in 1934. Poznań’s university (Adam Mickiewicz University) was founded and the Poznan International Fairs began during this interwar period. Following the German invasion of Poland in September 1939 Poznań was incorporated into the Third Reich and became the capital of Reichsgau Wartheland.

poznan posen 1933

The entrance to the P.W.K international fair held each year in Poznan. This image is from the 1929 National Exhibition event, which attracted around 4.5 million visitors.

Poznań (Posen) is a city on the Warta river in west-central Poland. It is capital of the Polish province of Wielkopolska (Greater Poland). The current population of Poznan is about 550,000.

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