Tag Archives: archaeology

Archaeological Excavation in Poland

zantoch santok poland

A photograph of the 1934 archaeological excavation undertaken in the village of Zantoch (Santok) by the State Museum of Prehistory in Berlin.

Santok, as it is now called, was described in a Polish Chronicle written in between 1112 and 1116, as the “watchtower and the key to the kingdom”. As a result, the location has over time been examined closely by both German and Polish archaeologists looking for ‘proof’ of some sort of historical claim on the area. This part of Central Europe has swung between Polish and German control over the course of many centuries.


A German-era photograph of the watchtower on the hill overlooking the town of Zantoch / Santok.

Related content on Polish Poland:
- More old images of pre-war Zantoch / Santok.
- Information on and images of present-day Santok.


Biskupin Poand

Part of a commemorative cover issued on by Polish Post on the 50th anniversary of the discovery of Biskupin.

Biskupin is the archaeological site of an early Slav settlement discovered in the 1930s. It is located on the Biskupin Lake peninsula, north of Gniezno, Poland. Part of this 2,500 year old settlement has been reconstructed and an impressive fort and a range of wooden buildings and Bronze Age artifacts can be viewed. This fine skansen-type museum is open daily between April and October.

skansen biskupin poland

A photograph taken in the early 1970s of some of the reconstructed structures at the open-air skansen in Biskupin, Poland.

Random trivia related to Biskupin:
- The existence of the site only came to light after timbers were discovered as a result of the partial draining of the lake in 1933.
- Archaeological excavation began in 1934 and continued until the outbreak of World War II.
- The site was excavated by Professor Dr. Hans Schleif and a team of German archaeologists, part of SS-Ausgrabung Urstätt, during the early part of the Second World War.
- Excavations and research were continued by Poles after the war and continued until 1974.
- The settlement in Biskupin is associated with the Lusatian culture, which began in the middle Bronze Age and lasted through to the early Iron Age.


A multiview picture postcard purchased on a visit to the Biskupin archaeological reserve in the late 1980s.

Offsite link: More photographs and information on Biskupin.

Related content on Polish Poland: Znin Narrow Gauge Railway.